Authoritarian Elites with Francesco Trebbi.
PDF. SSRN. Replication.
We explore the role of ruling elites in autocratic regimes and provide an assessment of tools useful
to clarify the structure of opaque political environments. We first showcase the importance of analyzing
autocratic regimes as non-unitary actors by discussing extant work on nondemocracies in Sub-Saharan Africa
and China, where the prevailing view of winner-take-all contests can be clearly rejected. We show how
specific biographical information about powerful cadres helps shed light upon the composition of the inner
circles that empower autocrats. We further provide an application of these methods to the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea (DPRK), one of the most personalistic, opaque, and data-poor political regimes in the world
today. Employing information from DPRK state media on participants at official state events, we are able to trace
the evolution and consolidation of Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un around the transition period following the death
of his father, Kim Jong Il. The internal factional divisions of the DPRK are explored during and after this
transition. Final general considerations for the future study of the political economy of development are presented.